Git Configuration

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git maintains configuration in a hierarchy of files, from system-wide configuration in /etc/gitconfig, user-specific configuration in ~/.gitconfig or ~/.config/git/config, to repository specific configuration in .git/config.

/etc/gitconfig contains configuration that applies to all users of the system. git config --system ... reads and writes this file. User-specific configuration is read and written with git config --global .... Repository specific configuration is read and written with git config --local .... If no option is specified, --local is the default.

If specified in multiple location, a configuration element is resolved to the most specific value: a repository-level value takes precedence over a user-level values, and a user-level value takes precedence over the corresponding system-level value. To use the effective value of a configuration element, use git config --get.

The configuration files are plain-text, so values can be set manually by editing the file and inserting the correct syntax. It’s generally easier to run the git config command, though.

Environment Variables

Git Environment Variables

Configuration Options

Git Configuration Options

Configuration Operations

git config Configuration Operations